Doctoring Baby Animals
Yoli’s Ram Lamb
A friend of mine has two baby lambs that were sick when she brought them home and are doing better, but still need very careful attention to their health. Between encouraging them to eat, fighting scours and upper respiratory problems, the lambs have needed considerable intervention. And doctoring baby animals is difficult, especially when they weigh less than 10 pounds like these two do.
Using a medication like some formulation of penicillun (PenG is an example) has it’s challenges. The injected dosage is 10 mg per 100 lbs of body weight or CWT. But when we are dosing a 10 pound lamb, means trying to inject 0.1 cc which is very difficult to measure effectively and even more difficult to be sure what is being injected is accurate.
The solution is to expand the amounts being used. For example, to be sure to get 0.1 cc of PenG into a 10 pound lamb, add 45 cc of sterile water to 5 cc of PenG (total 50 cc). From that, measure out 1 cc of solution. That will give a 0.1 cc dose for a injection.
The formula is like this:
5cc PenG + 5 cc sterile water = 10 cc of solution that contains 5 cc of PenG. So 2 cc of this solution can be injected with greater accuracy than can 1 cc.
Also, when smaller dosages are needed, use smaller syringes. Using a 30cc syringe to deliver 2 cc of medication is a crap shoot. Lay in a supply of 10 cc and 3 cc syringes for dealing with babies. Those will be your most useful sizes. Of course, if you have adult horses, sheep and/or cattle, the 30cc syringes are an absolute necessity, too.
And if you want to be really accurate, measure out 10cc of the medication and dilute with 10cc of sterile solution. I would not keep this (in the refrigerator) for more than two days, but, as in the case of PenG, it is very inexpensive. If you don’t use the solution within the two days, just throw it out and mix a new solution.
The exact same calculations apply to oral medications. For whatever medication you need, look up the dosage online and then apply that to your situation. Most meds are dosed by 100 weight (cwt) or kilo (2.2 pounds) of body weight.
If the dosage is 10 mg (same as cc) per cwt (hundred weight), then a 900 pound horse should get 9 cc per day.
Here’s the math:
900 pounds / 100 (cwt) = 9 so the dosage would be 9 cc.
9 pounds / 100 (cwt) = 0.9 so the dosage would be 0.09 cc. (Round up to 0.10 cc)
20 pounds / 100 (cwt) = 0.2 so the dosage would be 0.2 cc.
But if the lamb is only 10 pounds, then the dosage would be 10 cc /cwt or 1 cc per 10 pounds.
If the dosage is in kilo (kilograms), just divide by 2.2.
If the horse weighs 900 pounds = 454 kilos, then the dosage would be 0.5 cc / kilo would be the same.
If you are having problems, just give me a call at 575-635-3209 or email at firstname.lastname@example.org and we’ll get it figured out.